Some basic details of Uttar Pradesh-
|Formed||1 April 1937 as United Province|
|Statehood||26 January 1950 – Renamed as Uttar Pradesh|
|State Bird||Saras (Crane)|
|State Tree||Ashoka ( Saraca Asoca)|
|State Flower||Palash (Butea Monosperma)|
|Governor||Smt. Anandiben Patel|
|Chief Minister (C.M.)||Yogi Adityanath|
|Deputy Chief Minister||Keshav Prasad Maurya, Dr. Dinesh Sharma|
|Other Languages||Urdu, Awadhi,Bhojpuri Etc|
|Area||2,40,928 Sq. Km. (Fourth-Largest in India)|
|Population||19.98 Crore ( Acc to 2011Census)|
|Projected Population 2021||23.50 Crore ( Actual Data yet to come)|
|Sex Ratio of UP||912|
|Male : Female Literacy||79.24% : 59.26%|
|GDP of Uttar Pradesh||21.50 Lakh Crore (2020-2021)|
|GDP Growth||8.2% (2019-2020 Estimated)|
Uttar Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India and also the most populated country subdivision in the whole world. It is a state full of art, culture, and devotion. Uttar Pradesh is famous for handicrafts like chikankari, hand drawing, carpet weaving, metal enameling, brass production, and some more. It also has the largest brass and copperware manufacture area in India.
Uttar Pradesh was made a state on 1 April 1937 as United Provinces during British rule. At that time UP is an acronym for United Province not for Uttar Pradesh. On 24 Jan 1950, it was renamed Uttar Pradesh by the officials.
At that time Uttar Pradesh was really large in area to manage so a new state named Uttarakhand was created from the area of Uttar Pradesh.
Now at present time Uttar Pradesh has a total of 75 Districts and 18 Divisions, and the capital of the state was decided as Lucknow.
Uttar Pradesh has two major rivers known as the Ganga River and Yamuna River which join together in Allahabad districts known as Triveni Sangam.
Uttar Pradesh shares the state border with 9 other states from the country which is, Rajasthan from the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Delhi from the northeast, Uttarakhand from the north, Bihar from the east and Madhya Pradesh from the south, and Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh from the southeast.
Uttar Pradesh Residents are often called Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj, Bagheli, Bundeli, Rohilkhandi, etc depending upon the region or language they speak. Although there are so many languages, there are varieties of people who can be distinguished by their language but one thing that make them common is the Religion the practice. The Majority of people around 3/4th of the population follow Hinduism and that makes this state a very religious and peaceful place. You are never more than a 2km range from any Temple/Mandir if you are in Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh also has 3 world heritage sites and ranks number one for tourist destinations in India. It also has many historic, religious and natural tourist attractions in Uttar Pradesh such as Ayodhya, Agra, Aligarh, Kushinagar, Allahabad, Varanasi, Vrindavan, and many more.
GEOGRAPHY OF UTTAR PRADESH
Uttar Pradesh has a total area of about 2,43,290 sq. Km.. It is the Fourth-Largest State in India in terms of land area. Uttar Pradesh is located in the northern part of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal.
Location and Landform of UP
Uttar Pradesh (UP) lies between latitude 28.207609 and longitude 79.826660.
Uttar Pradesh shares its state border with 9 other states from the country which is Rajasthan from the west, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi from the northeast, Uttarakhand from the north, Bihar from the east and Madhya Pradesh from the south, and Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh from the southeast.
Geographically Uttar Pradesh can be divided into 3 major topographic regions:
- The Siwalik Himalayan foothills and the Terai region is bordered by U.P. in the North side.
- The Ganga plains are in the major central part of the state.
- The Vindhya Range and plateau are located in a relatively small part of southern UP.
Siwalik Hills and Terai Region
The Siwalik Range forms the southern foothills of the Himalayas bordering the U.P. Northside.
The Terai region, spread with marshy land, dense forest, mud-rich marshes, and high grasslands, which runs parallel to the Bhabhar tract, is called the Terai region. The region is mainly made up of sand, clay, silt and gravel.
As the rivers flow down the Bhabhar slope and through relatively flat areas of the Terai, sediment accumulates in shallow beds, and the Bhabhar River surface currents flow to the surface, causing massive flooding.
Bhabhar width – 8-16 km
Width of Terai – 15-30 km
The Gangetic plains are characterized by flat topography and highly fertile alluvial soil.
The two-river system called the Ganges, comprising the Ganges and Yamuna and their tributaries, which flows down from the Himalayas, is responsible for laying in alluvial deposits, which make the soil of the Gangetic plains highly fertile, and rice, wheat, barley Such as are suitable for growing. Gram etc.
These plains constitute about three-fourths of the total area of the state, which extends from east to west and covers most of its central part.
Its flat topography includes many physical features such as river, lake, pond, elevation ranging from 60 m in the east to 300 m in the northwest and a gradient of 2 m / sq km.
The Gangetic plains are formed by the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Gangetic plains, the Terai and the Ghaghri plains; And this entire stretch of alluvial area is divided into three sub-regions:
Eastern Path: The eastern path of the Gangetic plains is classified as a deficient area as it is often suffering from famine and floods, and the agricultural lands of the region do not receive adequate irrigation. A total of 14 districts fall under this path.
Central Pathway: It is a well irrigated tract but suffers from waterlogging.
Western Path: This region is well developed in terms of agriculture due to excellent water resources and irrigation systems.
Vindhya Range and Plateau Areas.
The Vindhyas are a distinct category of mountains and mountains.
The southernmost area of the Gangetic plains in UP is represented by the difficult and varied topography of the hills, highlands and plateaus.
With an average elevation of 300 meters, it is a low-lying range that receives sparse rainfall and is devoid of sufficient water resources, thus farmers in the region resort to dry farming.
Uttar Pradesh Map District Wise in HD
ALSO READ : Uttar Pradesh District Details